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Purpose
Gateway function for advanced FEM utilities in SDT.
Description
This function is only used for internal SDT operation and actual implementation will vary over time. The following commands are documented to allow user calls and SDT source code understanding.
This command provides optimized operation when compared to the feutil equivalent and finer control.
Constraint penalization. This command packages the penalization of all constraints in the model. Types FixDOF, RBE3, MPC, rigid are supported.
model=feutilb('CaseC2SE''model,list); returns the model with penalized constraints. The constraints are then transformed into coupling superelements in the model. model is an SDT model. list is an optional restriction cell array of constraint names to be transformed. If omitted all found constraints are penalized.
mo1=feutilb('combinemodel',mo1,mo2); [mo1,r1]=feutilb('combinemodel',mo1,mo2);
Integrated combining of two separate models. This call aims at creating an assembly from two separate mechanical components. This command properly handles potential NodeId, EltId, ProId, or MatId overlaying by setting disjoint ID sets before assembly. Stack or Case entries with overlaying names are resolved, adding (1) to common names in the second model. Sets with identical names between both models are concatenated into a single set. The original node numbering matrix for mo2 is output as a second argument (r1 in the second example call). The original element numbering matrix for mo2 can also be output as a third argument.
mo1 is taken as the reference to which mo2 will be added, the Node/Elt appending is performed by feutilAddTest.
r2=feutilb('geolinetopo',model,struct('starts',nodes)); r2=feutilb('geolinetopo',model,struct('starts',RO.nodes(j1,1), ... 'cos',0,'dir',r1.p(:,2)','circle',r1));
GeoLineTopo searches a topological line by following mesh edges.
Accepted fields are
GeoFindCircle packages the GeoLineTopo command to detect nodes on a quasi-circular mesh,
GeoFindCircle searches a topological circular line by following mesh edges. One can either provide three points one the circle, or one point with origin and axis.
r2=feutilb('geofindcircle',model,struct('nodes',[n1 ...]); r2=feutilb('geofindcircle',model,... struct('nodes',n1,'Origin',[x y z],'axis',[nx ny nz]);
where n1 is a NodeId, x,y,z are the coordinates of the circle origin, nx, ny, nz is the normal to the plane containing the circle.
The output r2 contains fields
The following example illustrates how one can exploit this feature to define a connection screw based on a hole in plates.
% use the demostration model for screw defintions with two plates model=demosdt('demoscrew layer 0 40 20 3 3 layer 0 40 20 4'); % use 3D line pick to find three nodes on the hole % fe_fmesh('3dlineinit') % acitvate option, and click on 3 nodes on the hole nodes=[47 43 40]; % nodes picked on the hole % detect hole r1=feutilb('geofindcircle',model,struct('nodes',nodes)); r1=r1{1}; n1=feutil('getnodegroupall',model); n2=n1; % define planes: need to detect plane altitudes % 1- transform coordinates in the local hole basis for planes generation n1(:,5:7)=(n1(:,5:7)-ones(size(n1,1),1)*r1.Origin)*r1.p; [z1,i1]=unique(n1(:,7)); % 2- use global altitudes for the elements detection z2=n2(i1,7); % use type 1 r2=[num2cell([z1 1+0*z1]) ... cellfun(@(x) sprintf('z==%.15g',x),num2cell(z2),'uni',0)]; % 3- screw model, see sdtweb fe_case r2=struct('Origin',r1.Origin,'axis',r1.normal','radius',r1.radius, ... 'planes',{r2},... 'MatProId',[101 101],'rigid',[Inf abs('rigid')],... 'NewNode',0); model=fe_caseg('ConnectionScrew',model,'screw1',r2); % compute modes to test def=fe_eig(model,[5 10 1e3]); cf=feplot(model); cf.def=def;
def=feutilb('geomrb',node,RefXYZ,adof,m) returns a geometric rigid body modes. If a mass matrix consistent with adof is provided the total mass, position of the center of gravity and inertia matrix at CG is computed. You can use def=feutilb('geomrb cg',Up) to force computation of rigid body mass properties.
def=feutilb('geomrbMass',model) returns the rigid body modes and mass, center of gravity and inertia matrix information. -bygroup, -bymat, -bypro can be used to detail results by subgroups. With no output argument, the results are shown in a table that can be copied to other software.
def=feutilb('GeomRbByParts',model) returns the rigid body modes of the model taking into account unconnected regions. Each unconnected mesh region is considered as a different part for which a set of 6 rigid body modes will be generated. def containts then a sequence of six rigid body modes by unconnected mesh region, placed in the global model DOF.
il=feutilb('GeomRBBeam1',mdl,RefXYZ) returns standard p_beam properties for a given model section where RefXYZ is the coordinates of the reference point from the gravity center.
feutilb('GeomRB',mdl,[0 0 0],sens) or feutilb('GeomRB',mdl,[0 0 0],Load) provide a rigid body check of the work generated by loads or loads collocated to sensors on rigid body motion. This provides a direction of application and moments around the origin. These are then used to estimate a point that would lead to the same moments. This point should be on a line of direction of force and containing the actual application point (x_{true}=x_{est} + α d_{x}, ...)
Node=feutilb('GetUsedNodes',model); returns the model nodes that are effectively used in the model. This command accounts for nodes present in SE elements and nodes used in Case constraints that may be not used by elements in model.Elt.
% Used nodes recovery in a model % Use a base model with a rigid ring using a node not used by other elements model=demosdt('demoscrew layer 0 40 20 3 3 layer 0 40 20 4'); % create model r1=struct('Origin',[20 10 0],'axis',[0 0 1],'radius',3, ... 'planes',[1.5 0 111 1 3.1; 5.0 0 112 1 4;], ... 'rigid',[Inf abs('rigid')],... 'NewNode',0); model=fe_caseg('ConnectionScrew',model,'screw1',r1); cf=feplot(model); % show model fecom('promodelviewon');fecom('curtab Cases','screw1'); % Used nodes recovery strategy n1=feutil('getnodegroupall',cf.mdl); % selects nodes used in model.Elt only %n2=feutil('optimmodel',cf.mdl); % obsolete call that is based on GetNodeGroupall n3=feutilb('GetUsedNodes',cf.mdl); setdiff(n3(:,1),n1(:,1)) % node exclusively used by rigid case
Non conform mesh matching utilities. The objective is to return matching elements and local coordinates for a list of nodes.
Matching elements mean
A typical node matching call would be
% Example of a base match call model=femesh('test hexa8'); match=struct('Node',[.1 .1 .1;.5 .5 .5;1 1 1]); match=feutilb('match -info radius .9 tol 1e-8',model,match)
% Example of a matchSurf call model=demosdt('demoTwoPlate'); % get nodes of half bottom plate n1=feutil('getnode z==0 & y>.5',model); % prepare the match structure match=struct('Node',n1(:,5:7)); % perform surface match on the top plate selection match=feutilb('matchsurf',model,match,'innode{z==.1}'); % display model and nodes cf=feplot(model); fecom(cf,'shownodemark',match.Node,'marker','o'); % display initial nodes % then overlay matched points fecom(cf,'shownodemark-noclear',match.StickNode,'marker','s','color','b') % Use InterpNormal token to get clean normal at matched point match=struct('Node',n1(:,5:7),'InterpNormal',1); match=feutilb('matchsurf',model,match,'innode{z==.1}'); fecom(cf,'showmap',struct('vertex',match.StickNode,... 'normal',match.InterpNormal))
Accepted command options are
The output structure contains the fields
.Node | original positions |
.rstj | position in element coordinates and jacobian information. |
.StickNode | orthogonal projection on element surface if the original node is not within the element, otherwise original position. |
.Info | one row per matched node/element giving NodeId if exact match (0 otherwise), number of nodes per element, element type (1 (1D), 2 (2D), 3 (3D), or 5 (SE), an element code and a distance indicator. |
.match | obtained when calling the command with -info, typically for row by row post-processing of the match. A cell array with one row per matched node/element giving eltname, slave element row, rstj, sticknode |
.slave | an element matrix providing for each node of field .Node the matched element. |
.slaveind | the element index (cEGI) in the .Elt matrix of input model providing for each node of field .Node the matched element index. |
.master | a sub-index vector providing only the matched nodes in other fields. |
Measure of thickness through a volume. Thickness is here defined as the distance from a node on a surface to another surface along the node face normal direction. The base call requires a surface selection on a wolume mesh from which thickness is measured. The measure in internally performed as a feutilb Match call on the other surfaces connected to the surface selected (then assumed fully connected).
The definition of thickness is not unique in the general case, so that peculiar effects can be obtained, especially at corner locations. The defintion chosen here correctly suits thin 3D volumes for which the closest surface nodes to a given surface point is in the opposite surface.
The following commands are supported
Command MeasThickShow performs a display of the thickness map on the mesh in feplot.
% Thickness measurment and display model=demosdt('demoUBeam NoPlot'); % demo model model=feutil('divide 4 4 4',model); % some refinement [eltid,model.Elt]=feutil('eltidfix;',model); % clean EltId cf=feplot(model); RO=struct('sel','selface & innode{y==0.5}',... 'osel','selface & innode{notin{innode{z==0|z==2.5|y==.5}}}') d1=feutilb('MeasThick-Show',cf.mdl,RO);
This command is used to build multiple point constraints from a match.
model=feutilb('MpcFromMatch',model,match).
The default output is the model with added MPC. The following command options are available
The solution retained for surfaces is to first project the arbitrarily located connection point P on the element surface onto a point Q on the neutral fiber used where element nodes are located. Then Q1 or P1 shape functions and their derivatives are used to define a linear relation between the 6 degree of freedom of point Q and the 3 or 4 nodes of the facing surface. Motion at P is then deduced using a linearized rigid PQ link. One chooses to ignore rotations at the nodes since their use is very dependent on the shell element formulation.
The local element coordinates are defined by x_{j}^{e},j=1:3 along the r coordinate line
x_{j}^{e} = α_{x} |
| x_{ij} with α_{x}=1/ | ⎪⎪ ⎪⎪ ⎪⎪ ⎪⎪ |
| x_{ij} | ⎪⎪ ⎪⎪ ⎪⎪ ⎪⎪ | (10.1) |
y^{e} that is orthogonal to x^{e} and in the x^{e}, ∂ N_{i}/∂ sx_{ij} plane, and z^{e} that defines an orthonormal basis.
The local rotations at point Q are estimated from rotations at the corner nodes using
R_{j} = x_{j}^{e} |
| u_{ik}z_{k}^{e} − y_{j}^{e} |
| u_{ik}z_{k}^{e} + |
| z_{j}^{e} | ⎛ ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ |
| u_{ik} y_{k}^{e} − |
| u_{ik} x_{k}^{e} | ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ | (10.2) |
with u_{ik} the translation at element nodes and j=1:3, i=1:N_{node}, k=1:3. Displacement at Q is interpolated simply from shape functions, displacement at P is obtained by considering that the segment QP is rigid.
For volumes, displacement is interpolated using shape functions while rotations are obtained by averaging displacement gradients in orthogonal directions
| (10.3) |
You can check that the constraints generated do not constrain rigid body motion using fe_caseg('rbcheck',model) which builds the transformation associated to linear constraints and returns a list of DOFs where geometric rigid body modes do not coincide with the transformation.
This command places DOF based matrices into different sets of DOFs. This can thus be used for def curves, observation, constraint, models or matrices. For subsets of DOFs a direct elimination is performed; if the new DOF set contains exclusive DOF, zeros are added, as no expansion is performed here.
This is typically used to eliminate DOFs, add zeros for unused DOFs or simply reorder DOFs. See also fe_def SubDof.
High level calls for data structures are supported using syntax data= feutilb('PlaceInDof',DOF,data); where DOF is the new set of DOF and data is a structure whose fields depends on the type of matrix
The other fields are left unchanged.
Lower level calls for matrices are supported using syntax mat=feutilb('PlaceInDof',DOF,oldDOF,mat);. This call then returns the data matrix placed in the new DOF field, assuming that matrix mat is based on oldDOF. Depending on the size of mat, feutilb assumes the type of matrix it handles,
Command SeparateBy ensures that only one MatId or ProId exist in each element group. If a group contains several MatId or ProId the group will be split in the element list, so that the new groups are inserted directly after the currently split group.
By default the criterion is based on MatId, use command SeparateByPro to base it on the ProId.
% Separate elements groups by Mat/ProId % demonstration model model=demosdt('demoubeam noplot'); % observe element groups feutil('info',model) % apply different MatId to different selections i1=feutil('findelt withnode{z>1&z<=2}',model); i2=feutil('findelt withnode{z>2}',model); mpid=feutil('mpid',model.Elt); mpid(i1,1)=2; mpid(i2,1)=3; model.Elt=feutil('mpid',model.Elt,mpid); % now one group with several MatId feutil('info',model) % apply group separation model.Elt=feutilb('SeparateByMat',model.Elt); % now three groups with unique MatId feutil('info',model)
This command aims at extracting a functional model from a selection of an element subset. From a FindElt selection, this command
If the FindElt command is omitted or set to groupall, the cleanup is performed on the whole model.
The following command options can be used not to clear some specific fields
% Call to extract a submodel from a model model=demosdt('demoubeam'); mo1=feutilb('submodel',model,'innode{x<.5}'); feplot(mo1)
This command handles post-treatment of surfaces selections.
The syntax is mo1=feutilb('SurfaceAsQuad',model,eltsel)', where
The detection is based on angles between element edges on a surface selection, the threshold is given by angle in degrees, if omitted, the default value of 36.87 degrees is taken (corresponding to a cosine value of 0.8). The output model is then a surface mesh divided into groups of surfaces separated by sharp edges. The following command options can be used
The following sample calls illustrate the syntax and the command outputs:
% SurfaceAsQuad, transform mesh into quad4 surface model=femesh('testtetra4'); % sample volume mesh mo1=feutilb('SurfaceAsQuad',model); % transform into surface quad4 mesh feutil('info',mo1) % SurfaceAsQuadGroup, post treat surface selection based on sharp edges model=femesh('testtetra4'); % sample volume mesh % Generate the surface mesh with group division by sharp edges mo1=feutilb('surfaceasquadgroup 90',model); cf=feplot(mo1); fecom(cf,';colordatagroup;viewn++-;'); % Generate a meta-set named face of FaceId divided by sharp edges model=feutilb('surfaceasquadgroup90 -set"face"',model); data=stack_get(model,'set','face','get'); data.SetNames % names of splitted face selections
This command builds a deformation curve with associated colormap that localizes areas in a model, based on a curve result.
d1=feutilb('SurfaceSplitDef',model,def,RO) returns a deformation curve based on def with zeros for non-localized areas and connectivity levels to a starting area. model is an SDT model providing the mesh topology, def is a curve based on which areas will be localized and RO is a running option structure with fields
This command uses the feutilb @levNodeCon object.
% SurfaceSplitDef example % demonstration model demosdt('demoubeam') cf=feplot; def=cf.def; [~,cf.mdl.Elt]=feutil('eltidfix;',cf.mdl); % Node based field, node clustering d1=feutilb('surfacesplitdef',cf.mdl,def,struct('tol',.5,'starts','max2')); cf.def=d1; fecom colordataa ii_plp('colormap',struct('map',jet(2), ... 'cval',[0 .01 1],'Band',0,'refine',10,'bSplit',2)) % Element based field Ek=fe_stress('ener -MatDes 1 -curve',cf.mdl,def); % Element clustering d2=feutilb('surfacesplitdef-elt',cf.mdl,Ek,struct('tol',.2,'starts','max2')); cf.def=def; fecom('colordataelt',d2); colormap(cf.ga,jet);
This command provides visible elements from a particular feplot view.
[eltind,elt,eltindWithHeaders]=feutilb('SurfaceVisible',cf); will output the indices eltind or with headers in cf.mdl.Elt that are currently visible in the display. The second output elt are the face elements consitituting the visible model skin.
This function is compatible but not conforming to feutil FindElt command. When outputting elements of different nature than for the model, the base FindElt commands will provide empty indices. This function still outputs the visible elements indices of the base model to allow further manipulations.
The following command options are available, either in the input string or in an additionnal running options structure.
% Recovering visible elements from a feplot display model=demosdt('demoubeam-noplot'); % demo model % tweak its position model.Node=basis('gnode','rx=45;ry=45;rz=45;',model.Node); % display in feplot cf=feplot(model); % choose a view fecom(cf','view2'); % Recover visible elements [ind,elt,i1]=feutilb('SurfVisible',cf); % restrain view to visible elements cf.sel='@feutilb(''SurfVisible'',cf)';
This command provides nodal weights for node based surface integration. The weights are computed as the sum of each element weight contribution using node integration rules.
r1=feutilb('SurfWjNode',model,sel);. model is a standard SDT model, sel is a selection that must provide face elements. If omitted sel is set to selface, one can provide an empty sel is the model is already using shells or the resultof face selection itself. The output r1 is a structure with fields .ID and .wjdet respectively providing the NodeId and associated surface weights on the given surface.
Optimized matrix projection utilities. This family of commands provides optimized operations obtained through compiled functionalities, and supports out of core, compatible with the sdthdf formats.
For real bases T, support for RAM footprint optimization is provided through the use of blockwise operations, this can be controlled by the preference BlasBufSize providing a block size in GB. This can be set to Inf to alleviate the behavior. It can be set using sdtdef sdtdef('BlasBufSize',2).
For very large bases T stored in v_handle format through sdthdf command TKTMinRead allows performing blockwise operations on every matrix K at once to limit disc I/O access when loading T. The block sizes are driven by preference OutOfCoreBufferSize providing a memory limit in MB.
feutilb('WriteFileName.m',model) writes a clean output of a model to a script. Without a file name, the script is shown in the command window.
feutilb('_writeil',model) writes properties. feutilb('_writepl',model) writes materials.
Note that this command automatically overwrites existing script files
Internal node connectivity object that can be created through its constructor levNodeCon accessed trhough conn=feval(feutilb('@levNodeCon'),[],model);.Note that this call is case sensitive.
The packaged functionalities allow browsing nodes or elts based on element edge levelled connectivity. By default, the node connectivity is initialized only, but one can activate element connectivity with token econ in the construction. conn=feval(feutilb('@levNodeCon'),[],model,'econ');].
Alternative commands allow node/elt expansion based on threholds associated to external data (e.g. an energy curve)
The following methods are available
% levNodeConn object example node or elt list by connectivity demosdt('demoubeam') cf=feplot; def=cf.def; % object initialization conn=feval(feutilb('@levNodeCon'),[],cf.mdl,'econ'); % init start=1; % eltid 1 eltid=feval(conn.expE2Lev,conn,start,5); % levEltCon data=struct('EltId',eltid(:,1),'data',eltid(:,2)); fecom('colordataelt',data); % sample call with ndoes n2=feval(conn.expN2Lev,conn,[125],2);
Internal method whose function handle can be obtained for external use by unConSel=feutilb('@unConSel');.Note that this call is case sensitive.
sel=feval(feutilb('@unConSel'),model); returns a cell array of EltId vectors respectively constituting an unconnected mesh region of the model. The length of the selection is then the number of disconnected mesh regions in the model. This command does not take constraints into account. One has the possibility to work on a model on which constraints have been penalized using command feutilb CaseC2SE.